Change and Decay: a history of damage and conservation in Balliol’s medieval manuscripts
Balliol College Historic Collections Centre
St Cross Church, Manor Road, Oxford OX1 3UH
A new exhibition of medieval manuscripts will be in place for Oxford Open Doors (9-10 September 2017) and throughout Michaelmas Term (until 10 December).
Public opening hours: Saturday 9 September and Sunday 10 September 12-4 pm both days, and tba. Individuals and groups are also welcome to visit at other times by appointment with the archivist – contact
Further information and related events will be advertised here.
The exhibition, curated by Balliol’s Archivist and Curator of Manuscripts, Anna Sander, includes more than 20 of Balliol’s 300+ original medieval manuscript codices and a number of contemporary documents from the college records, and highlights a decade of work on the archives and manuscripts by the team of professional conservators at the Oxford Conservation Consortium, of which Balliol has been a member since 2006.
A few numbers about archives & manuscripts activity during July:
- Number of enquiries: 54
- Running total for 2017: 474
- Number of researchers in person (unique users): 11
- Number of person-days in the reading room: 16
- Collections consulted: Monckton Archive (4), Morier Archive, college records, Strachan-Davidson papers, Clough papers, medieval manuscripts, David Urquhart archive
- No of non-research visitors: ca 50
- Interesting events & activities: collections talk & display for university staff at the University of Oxford Research and Innovation Support Conference; medieval manuscripts workshop for tutor & students from St Peter’s College Summer School at Magdalen College
- images created: 4000+
Some of the external (non-college) enquiry topics received in July:
- advice re copyright in unpublished manuscript material
- advice re archives access arrangements
- advice re archives training/careers
- advice re reliable sources to cite re college/university qualifications
- advice re how to find an Oxford DPhil thesis
- academic dress at Balliol in the 1920s
- requests for (new) digital images of medieval manuscripts
- sketchbooks in archives
- detailed questions about MSS 383 and 451
- C19 history of the Urquhart chalet(s)
- Biographical research re / info on Balliol or related archives of
- C19-early C20 Thai (Siamese) students at Balliol
- astronomer James Bradley (Balliol 1711)
- B Jowett (Balliol 1835)
- M Arnold (Balliol 1840)
- GM Hopkins (Balliol HT 1863, see 1862)
- AL Smith (Balliol 1869)
- CJG Montefiore (Balliol 1877)
- SF Boas (Balliol 1881)
- HS Malik (Balliol 1912)
- WH Hollins (Balliol 1914, not resident)
- CMN White (Balliol 1933)
- JB Bell (Balliol 1936)
- HB Burgess (Balliol 1936)
- JT Adamson (Balliol TT 1937, see 1936)
- RB Joly (Balliol 1938)
- GA McCaskie (Balliol 1938)
- FDK Williams (Balliol 1938)
- HC Dawkins (Balliol HT 1940 see 1939)
- MJ Webb (Balliol 1943)
- Greats results in 1951
As in most months, I have received queries about individuals who are not recorded as members of the college or university – this lack of documentation *usually* and *probably* indicates that they were not at Balliol/Oxford – but not absolutely.
Balliol MS 116 f68r (detail)
Further details about the illustration in the Archivist’s report, Annual Record 2017:
The manuscript of which this illuminated initial is part is Balliol MS 116, a 13th century copy of Eustratius’ In Ethica, a Greek commentary on Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics whose translation into Latin was an important later work of Robert Grosseteste (c.1170–1253), the prominent and prolific scientist, theologian, and bishop of Lincoln. While teaching at Oxford 1225-1231, Grosseteste became rector of the parish of Abbotsley in Huntingdonshire (now in Cambridgeshire). A century later, the young Balliol College acquired the advowson of this parish, which it still holds.
In this illustration on folio 68 recto (detail) showing unusual relevance to the adjacent text, two tiny winged grotesques converse inside a foliate initial D at the beginning of Book IV, ‘Dicamus autem deinceps de liberalitate’ (‘Moreover, let us speak next of generosity.’) The illumination measures 30 x 30 mm (just over an inch square) as enclosed by the blue square border. More images of this manuscript can be viewed online.
The original will be on display during the Michaelmas exhibition of Balliol’s medieval manuscripts at St Cross.
Balliol MS 116 f.68r, full page, measuring 225 x 340 mm, close to the modern A4 (210 by 297 mm) or North American 8 1/2 x 11″.
More about each of Balliol’s medieval manuscript books
RAB Mynors’ catalogue of the manuscripts
Explore images from across Balliol’s archives and manuscript collections
Oxford/Cambridge/City of London Archivists’ Meeting
4th July 2017, St. John’s College, Oxford
Five Centuries of Oxford College Architecture
10.30 Arrive; coffee
11.00 Session 1
Chair: Michael Riordan
Julian Reid (Corpus/Merton), ‘The best-laid plans: designing a Tudor college’
Robin Darwall-Smith (All Souls/Jesus/Univ.), ‘Benefactions, fund-raising, Civil War and
Commonwealth: University College tries to build a quadrangle’
12.00 Tour of St. John’s College
1.00 Sandwich lunch
2.00 Session 2
Chair: Robin Darwall-Smith
Judith Curthoys (Christ Church), ‘The great rebuilding: Christ Church ups its game’
Oliver Mahony (LMH/St Hilda’s) and Anne Manuel (Somerville), ‘The “Wrennaissance” – colleges for women at Oxford’
3.30 Session 3
Chair: Judith Curthoys
Richard Allen (St. Peter’s), ‘St Peter’s Unbuilt’
Michael Riordan (Queen’s/St. John’s), ‘The Beehive: conservatism and radicalism in post-war St. John’s’
4.30 Closing remarks
Chair: Anna Sander
5.00 Formal finish, followed by informal adjournment to the Lamb & Flag
* * *
Thanks to Mike for organising an excellent day, St John’s College for generously hosting us, the speakers who among them represent 12 colleges as present employers and even more in their previous experience, and our visitors from London and the Other Place.
I was asked to mention themes connecting the papers throughout the day – there have been plenty, and several have already been noted by the speakers. We’ve been taken all over Oxford and through the ages from C16-21, from cockloft to cellar by way of the piano nobile, through all levels of architecture and college society. We’ve seen a gamut of budgets, ambitions, intentions and degrees of success. There have been contrasts between monastic and secular foundations, and those built for men and women. There have been considerable insights into the history of fundraising – and coping with benefactions. We have heard about new buildings on old premises, old buildings repurposed, ancient buildings hidden behind modern faces, and old buildings swept away altogether to make way for new ones. And some that have remained only dreamed-of spires.
I have particularly appreciated the unusually wide range of record formats we’ve seen today from all periods: accounts, plans, sketches, drawings, architectural models, letters, minutes, stained glass, photographs, receipts, stone carvings, woodwork, sculpture and skeletons. And of course, in many cases the buildings themselves.
Through every college’s history of wizard wheezes and financial flops, I think the day showed that across time and despite wide differences in other factors, the main influences on college building projects have been politics internal and external, money and the lack of it, and perhaps most of all, personalities.
TT17 Week 6 HT (June) Library Committee
This paper reports on the Archivist’s work February – April 2017.
A) Enquiries, researchers & visitors
- Enquiries: 62
- Unique users: 8
- Seats occupied: 15
- Collections consulted: medieval mss, George Malcolm, David Urquhart, Persian & Turkish mss, Jenkyns papers, college records
- Visitors (non-research): 60+
- Enquiries: 92
- Unique users: 12
- Seats occupied: 12
- Collections consulted: medieval mss (4), Greene-Reid papers, Persian & Arabic mss, Malcolm, Morier Family and RBD Morier archives, Monckton papers, college records (2)
- Visitors (non-research): ca40
- Enquiries: 60
- Unique users: 4
- Seats occupied: 7
- Collections consulted: oriental MSS (2), western medieval mss, college records
- Visitors (non-research): 55+
Period totals/2017 running totals
- Enquiries: 214/298
- Unique users: 24/32
- Seats occupied: 34/43
- Visitors (non-research) 155+ / Ca 160
* * *
A handful of research topics, by researchers in person and remote enquirers, from the reporting period:
‘I research horizontal tree diagrams in the margins of manuscripts of the Lombard’s Sentences, among others. I want to see if these copies have some interesting marginalia, and if there are to note the folio numbers and perhaps take pictures or order images. I am interested especially the one that perhaps contains Rufus’ notes. The other volume is to satisfy my interest in the indexing procedure of the tabulae.’
‘ I am researching the London property market at the time of the Great Fire of 1666 – and I am finding out about College property holdings in the Square Mile. I have published on various aspects of the City of London in the 17th and 18th centuries. ‘
‘I am currently preparing the publication of my PhD thesis on the mise en page and the illustrations in medieval manuscripts containing Aristotelian treatises, to be published by Böhlau Verlag, Cologne, Germany, later this year. I would love to include some illustrations of MS 253, a particularly densely glossed manuscript of Aristotle’s logical treatises and contains some very original depictions of teaching scenes. On your wonderful website, I found photos of excellent quality, and I would like to ask for permission to publish them in my thesis.’
- B) Arrangement & description and collection care
John Jones’ lists of papers of Julian Miller (Balliol 1957) and Arthur Hugh Sidgwick (Balliol 1903), both listed for the first time, are now online.
In response to specific external enquiries, I have checked, ordered and numbered several files of the David Urquhart and Morier Family archives, and added item-level descriptions for all items to the online catalogues (files run to 50+ items). It is unfortunate that the physical items were not numbered when the papers were catalogued in the 1990s.
Conservation: Housing of all the manuscript books is now complete, with many thanks to OCC and PADS. There are still some old boxes that need replacing, but this is not urgent, and can be done in tandem with planned conservation of those individual manuscripts. Treatment of several manuscripts, notably MS 354 (Richard Hill’s commonplace book of ca 1510), continues in preparation for September’s exhibition.
Facebook: 937 Likes. Weekly updates, links to blog posts, notices of events, etc.
Twitter: 1900 total Tweets, 1494 followers
Blog: 17 new posts including several school group activities
Oxfile (OUCS)– used 32 times Feb-Apr, total 290 times, to send images, externally and within college, across archival collections.
Images created: 8000+.
- Browning draft/printer’s proofs volumes (MSS 387-392) have been photographed in full
- Images of all 10 volumes of Clark’s annual lists of Balliol members 1520-1822 are online – a key college history/family history/biographical research resource.
Outreach & Events:
Antechapel displays and ‘Document in Focus’ features in Broad St Library, prepared by Anna, continue
- medieval mss display by Anna continued & taken down
- George Malcolm centenary exhibition by Giles Dawson opened
- Unlocking Archives talk by Monica Kendall on 18th century letters, Jane Austen and social history
- Unlocking Archives talk by Giles Dawson on George Malcolm’s centenary
- George Malcolm centenary exhibition continued, and taken down
- Unlocking Archives talk by Lucy Kelsall on the cataloguing side of the Reconstructing Nicholas Crouch project
- Library staff lead Into University group visit at St Cross
- display of newly acquired Jowett letters for Jowett Society launch event in Broad Street.
- temporary Prof Les Woods memorial exhibition by Jo Ashbourn open, and taken down
- Les Woods memorial event at St Cross
- Anna & Gabrielle present hands-on special collections
- handling training workshop for Balliol English & History students
- Anna with colleagues staffing college archivists’ table at undergraduate History Thesis Fair
D) Future events
Summer schedule so far:
- Watford Girls’ Grammar school groups for a manuscripts activity (repeat visit)
- Wolvercote Local History Society, theme tbc by them (Old Member contact) [postponed]
- Bodleian archives & mss trainees for a careers talk (repeat visit)
- Oxford Research & Innovation Support Conference delegates for a general tour (recommended)
- Open Doors: St Cross will be open for Oxford Open Doors, weekend of 9-10 September, 12-4pm both days.
This will be the 7th year that Balliol has opened St Cross to the public for Open Doors, and hundreds of people keep coming! I hope the medieval mss exhibition, which will be launched for this open weekend and then continue throughout MT17, will be an extra draw this year.
- attended meetings of the Management Committee of the Oxford Conservation Consortium in February and April
- attended Gerald Aylmer Seminar 2017 (London, IHR): ‘Strongroom to Seminar: archives and teaching in higher education’ (February)
- attended Teaching the Codex II colloquium on the pedagogy of palaeography and codicology (May)
We note with sadness the death of Prof Elliott Horowitz z”l (Oliver Smithies Visiting Fellow 2014-15) in March 2017. He had completed the beautiful and successful Hebraica & Judaica exhibition at St Cross in Michaelmas 2016, culminating in a day of fascinating talks by Oxford experts in November.
– Anna Sander, TT 2017 (June)
A few numbers about archives & manuscripts activity during June:
- Number of enquiries: 62
- Running total for 2017: 420
- Number of researchers in person (unique users): 4
- Number of person-days in the reading room: 4
- Collections consulted: college records, medieval mss (2), Nicolson diaries
- No of non-research visitors: ca 50
- Interesting events & activities: manuscripts encounter activity for groups from Watford Girls’ Grammar School, careers talk and display for Bodleian Libraries trainees from across the University and college libraries
Some of the external (non-college) enquiry topics received in June:
- C17 College servants
- C17 members of College
- C17 college history
- C17 Greek Orthodox members of College/University
- C18 members of College
- C19-20 Boat Club records
- Biographical research for local WW1 memorials and centenary commemorations
- New Deal economist and presidential adviser Isador Lubin & the 1945 Moscow Reparations Commission
- Works of art by John Minton, Samuel Wale RA, Allan Barr
- C20 silver (plate) history
- Biographical research re judge Robert Younger, Baron Blanesburgh (Balliol TT1880); philosopher TH Green (Balliol 1880); journal editor and writer JA Spender (Balliol 1881); politician, motorist, and litigant Frank, 2nd Earl Russell (Balliol 1883); poet and author Hilaire Belloc (Balliol Hilary Term 1893) and his record-setting walk to London; Slavonic scholar Nevill Forbes (Balliol 1903); Indian civil servant and diplomat Hardit Singh Malik (Balliol 1912)
- Early C20 Balliol property in Oxford
- Balliol during WW2
- Identifying college architecture from old photos
- Advice on preservation and arrangement of small institutional archives
I post brief monthly statistics here, but for readers who just can’t get enough archives news, there’s a weekly update on Facebook as well. Here’s the roundup for Trinity Term:
We’re now on Summer Time. This week in the archives: researchers for medieval manuscripts, Monckton archive, college records, Oriental manuscripts, incunabula. The Malcolm exhibition has closed. I’m looking forward to a first visit to Lincoln College’s archives. It’s the last week of March, so I’ll be rounding up the month’s enquiries and other statistics for the usual report on the blog.
The important Oxbridge news this week: the Boat Race! Congratulations to the Cambridge women and Oxford men – both the Cambridge Women’s Blue boat and Blondie (Cambridge women’s reserve boat) won, as did the Oxford Men’s Blue boat and Isis (Oxford men’s reserve boat). The Lightweight races took place at Henley earlier in the week; Cambridge-heavy results at http://henleyboatraces.com/…/henley-boat-races-2017-results….
This week in the archives: more sensors installed in the big repositories, to give us a better picture of the climatic conditions via the BMS. Otherwise an unusually quiet week (so far) for researchers and visitors, so I will be putting together and mounting a new display for the antechapel, taking and processing photos for reprographics orders, creating a monthly report, writing up some new Documents in Focus sheets for the college library next term, planning a couple of upcoming displays for college events… oh and I might just get some cataloguing done.
The archives will be closed Wednesday 12 April – Monday 17 April incl. I will be back on Tuesday 18 April – Week 0 of Trinity Term.
Normal service has resumed – week 0 of Trinity Term. Just readers for medieval mss and early printed books, so while it’s still quiet in the search room, I’m preparing for the Les Woods memorial display next week, a workshop for students on correct handling of fragile materials, a visit by parishioners from a Balliol living, the history thesis fair, and a number of other entirely unrelated things coming up. And expecting enquiry no. 300 any day now.
Trinity Term! TT1 in the archives: researchers looking at (and photographing) medieval manuscripts, history thesis fair at Exam Schools, preparing for a visit by parishioners of a College living and for a joint presentation on correct handling of special collections material.
Temporary exhibition this week: Prof. Leslie Colin Woods (1922-2007), Tutorial Fellow of Balliol in Engineering Science 1960-70, Professor of Mathematics and Professorial Fellow of Balliol 1970-90, Emeritus Fellow 1991-2007.
Exhibition curator Dr Joanna Ashbourn draws from the Les Woods Archive at Balliol College to illustrate aspects of Prof Woods’ personal life, his experience as a World War II fighter pilot, and his long and varied academic career.
Open to the public Tues-Fri 25-28 April 2017, 2.30-5pm
Balliol Historic Collections Centre, St Cross Church, Manor Rd. OX1 3UH (ring the buzzer on the side of the notice board).
May Day in Oxford to start Trinity Term week 2. This week in the archives, researchers for college records and medieval manuscripts, a workshop for students on handling special collections materials safely, and a new chiller pump for the repository air conditioning system. April statistics coming soon…
TT3! This week in the archives: no readers booked (yet), so it’s time to catch up on accessioning, cataloguing, enquiries, termly report for Library Committee, September exhibition text, productions & returns, (re)boxing, antechapel displays, Documents in Focus for the library, manuscript photography… funny, I don’t think I’ll fit in that thumb-twiddling session after all!
Trinity Term Week 4: this week in the archives, researchers for college records and Jowett Papers; several visitors, and Material Evidence in Incunabula group cataloguing continues. April’s brief report is up on the blog and I’m continuing several of the things I started last week.
Trinity Term week 5: this week in the archives, again quiet on the researcher front, which is good as there’s been a spate of internal admin enquiries. A long-running printer ink saga is over, so there’s a new display in the antechapel. Approaching both the end of the month and termly Library Committee, so collating and writing of stats and reports on the menu this week as well.
Reminder of Unlocking Archives talk: this Wednesday (24th) at 1pm, Nikki Tomkins of the Oxford Conservation Consortium will speak about her work for Balliol this past year, repairing early printed books as part of the Reconstructing Nicholas Crouch cataloguing and conservation project. A preview is available via her blog posts:https://balliollibrary.wordpress.com/tag/nikki-tomkins/
Trinity Term week 6: a ‘quiet’ week in the archives, which means getting lots of work done! Congratulations to Balliol M1 and M4, who both got blades in last week’s Eights – apparently M1’s first non-Headship blades ever. If the previous sentence is in Martian for you, now you know why 10 years ago I got in a boat and rowed with Balliol’s second women’s boat for a year. Or rather, mostly went to the gym and the tank, because the river levels were horrendous, but the sun did come out for us during Eights week. Have a look at https://twitter.com/balliolrowing/with_replies Never row 😉
TT7. This week in the archives: a 4 day week for me. More unglamorous but essential behind the scenes maintenance tasks this week while the researcher schedule remains quiet. Enquiries, however, are far from quiet – May stats will be appearing on the blog this week. On Friday I’m looking forward to working with a school group, looking at manuscript books, letters and other items written in different languages and scripts.
TT8, the last week of the academic year, at least for most undergraduates: this week in the archives, the postponed Library Committee meeting, a visit from a local history society, and an archivists’ meeting about the Archives Hub, which we are on:
https://archiveshub.jisc.ac.uk/data/gb3107-balliolarchive A new antechapel display will go up in Broad Street this week and the promised May stats will be on the blog along with a summary of last week’s school visit and activity.
TT9: some students are still sitting exams, but for most the strife is over for better or worse, the weather is beautiful, and the rolling green hills of the Long Vac are appearing on the horizon. ‘Vacation’ in the archives, of course, generally means lots of visiting researchers! None this week, though, so catching up continues, focusing particularly on describing and adding new accessions into their permanent series and editing of small collection descriptions for uploading to the website and – pending new Editor login details – to the Archives Hub. Expecting enquiry #400 of 2017 any day.